ethics in supply chain management pdf (2022)

This free course, Supply chain sustainability, introduces four sustainability perspectives and discusses how these perspectives can assess the sustainability of any supply chain. This free online supply chain management course will teach you the basics of supply chain management, the system businesses use to explain the flow of goods and services to their end user. Supply chain ethics include the following: Ban on child labor. 2) To analyse the practices of supply chain at different levels 3) To find the solution for ethical issues that has emerged in supply chain. A supply chain is a path followed in the distribution of a product or service to reach the final customer. he researchers, managers, and policy makers and grouped the aimed to identify the most impo rtant ethics considerations by important issues into five areas: (1) globalization and social responsibility, investigatory response, environ mental outsourcing (the impact of china and india on supply chain responsibility, financial deception, defect ive Created using mysimpleshow - Sign up at http://www.mysimpleshow.com and create your own simpleshow video for free. In 2016, 80% of them were in Asia. At the moment Primark has a team of over 80 experts dedicated to sustainability, ethical fashion and worker training as part of their Ethical Trade Team. Your whole supply chain must be ethical. However, limited research has examined the role of ethical decision-making in supply chain management. Solutions can and should be implemented immediately . Publisher: NPTEL. Fig. Therefore the ethical conduct of the supply chains has also begun to be scrutinised, both from an internal business performance perspective, and from the increasing concerns held by the numerous. For instance, a small garment company might practice intentionally ethical practices by offering a living wage, providing high-quality goods and offering the best customer service. Abstract and Figures Purpose: The present study focuses on the role of ethics in the supply chain management. My first essay examines the ethical decision-making process where the magnitude of unethical behavior in a specific supply management decision is . Standards of Conduct Members will conduct themselves in a manner that a reasonable and informed third party would conclude as being appropriate to a professional in supply chain management. A brief history. These teams based in its nine key sourcing locations, such as China, India, Bangladesh and Turkey, act as the retailer's "eyes and ears on the ground," according to Katharine Stewart, Primark . Manage Supplier Communities. The ground rules for good ethics in procurement are simple enough. The primary aim of this chapter is to address RQ1, which asks: what are the main disciplinary sources of ideas about P&SCM and what are the principal theories, conceptual frameworks and main paradigms? An ethical supply chain operates in a way that delivers the highest levels of ethical and sustainable operations. All Achilles suppliers are verified by us to ensure they are compliant with regulations and are operationally sound. To investigate the role of organization culture ethics in supply chain operations accuracy, 2. Introduction along the supply chain. Workplace discrimination, labor conditions, upholding environmental responsibility - they all fall under the scope of supply chain ethics. The golden rule of supply chain ethics is ultimately 'know your suppliers'. xi ABSTRACT The performance of the supply chain of essential medicines has raised a lot of public concern which prompted the study to examine the relationship between governance structures, transaction . We set a high bar for ourselves and our suppliers. My rst essay examines the ethical decision-making process where the magnitude of uneth-ical behavior in a specic supply management decision is determined. To make sure that the entire HARMAN Supply Chain operates in a manner consistent with the company's objectives, all suppliers are required to act in accordance with HARMAN's Supplier Code of Conduct for better supply chain management. Offshoring, making it increasingly difficult for firms to monitor supply chains adequately. In part, that could be because we didn't know what to expect. We then discuss the principal theories and conceptual models used to understand, explain . Learn More Freedom of employment. Emergence. Cost pressures, which could lead to compromise on quality and ethics. Increasing complexity of supply chains, meaning companies were often unaware of who their suppliers were subcontracting to. Supply Chain Standards. Abstract Purpose: The present study focuses on the role of ethics in the supply chain management. 79% of Adidas' manufacturing partners are found there. What are the most important supply chain ethics? Supplier Ethics Management: The management of suppliers and supply relationships with strategies, programs, and metrics that better align supplier business conduct with purchaser standards, with the goal of reducing the purchaser's overall risk of corporate integrity failure in the supply chain. The low-cost at-all-cost model is losing steam. Your brand will be judged by the company it keeps. Course learning outcomes After studying this course, you should be able to: understand what is meant by sustainability in the context of the supply chain 2. Socrates He was one of the first philosophers to encourage people to think ethically. SCM - Supply Chain Management TCA - Transaction Cost Analysis . An ethical supply chain focuses on the need for corporate social responsibility, working to produce products and services in a way that treats its workers and the environment ethically. Against this background, the author created a comprehensive ctitious case scenario covering a supply chain dispute arising from the breach of the supply chain leader's code of business conduct and ethics by a lower-tier supply chain member. In order to maintain a fully ethical supply chain, supply chain managers have to understand and be aware of changes relating to the definition of unacceptable related party practices, bribery and governmental relations. Effective collaboration with trading partners helps to drive greater adoption and adherence to ethical sourcing practices. It is sub-divided into four sections: Planning, Sourcing, Fulfillment, and Reporting. We have also instituted an awards system to recognize suppliers whose performance is outstanding. Practice integrity, avoid conflicts of interest and personal enrichment, treat suppliers equally and fairly, and comply with legal and other obligations. Ethics is the accepted code of conduct in any transaction between two or more people. This Supplier Code of Conduct applies to all suppliers and their sub-suppliers of goods or services to HARMAN . The Corporate Procurement Department subscribes to the following standards: Policy Statement: The Supply Chain Code of Ethics is based on the principles of: Accountability Professional and ethical conduct Procurement process that is fair and transparent What is Supplier Ethics Management? This was one less than the previous year. The state of research in supply chain management and business ethics journals. The Association for Supply Chain Management (ASCM) is the global leader in supply chain organizational transformation, innovation and leadership. This guide covers the procurement of goods, materials, and services and the storage and management of inventories. Our ethical procurement strategy Our strategy directs training for our people, supplier selection and the development of our high standards for conducting business with our suppliers. Supply chains traditionally were linear, beginning with raw materials and proceeding on up to the finished product. In 2017, the Global operations function of Adidas worked with 296 independent suppliers or manufacturing partners. Supply Chain Canada Code of Ethics A. The objectives are 1. design: its goal (to supply) as well as its means (supply chain management activities). The objective of Environmentally-Conscious Supply Chain Management (ECSCM) is to consider the total immediate and eventual environmental effects of all products and processes, in order to protect the natural environment.4 Engineering ethics is concerned consequences. The largest part of Adidas's supply chain is located in Asia. It means there are a series of costs to be incurred on various levels or departments of the supply chain for the product to reach a customer. Supply Chain Management includes areas such as purchasing, procurement, transportation and logistics. In one sense, the results surprised us, especially the finding that 83% of supply chain professionals say that ethics are extremely (53%) or very important (30%) to their organizations. Unformatted text preview: Supply Chain Management Procurement Learning Block 1 Supply Management and Procurement Overview Abstract Procurement and purchasing associates, sourcing analysts, supplier managers, and associates in other supply chain domains should understand the importance and complexities of global supply management and procurement . But recently companies have begun to investigate circular supply chains, in which a business seeks to design and manufacture products in a way that the raw materials can be recovered and reused. Hygienic work conditions. Supply Chain Management Nissan has been always working to improve its supply chain through activities including third-party assessment of suppliers sustainability activities and sustainability training for workers in its purchasing department. By early 2018, Seattle-based Amazon.com Inc. (Amazon), one of the world's most valuable companies and the largest online retailer in the world, had grown dramatically since its beginnings in 1994. Supply chain management is essential for a company's success, especially for any business competing in a global environment. The supply chain process is about movement of goods from one end to the other end. While much work has been done in this area, the focus has traditionally been on either: product recovery (recycling, remanufacturing, or re-use) or the product design . . A company's code of conduct is a key aspect of supply chain ethics and compliance. Read also. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the role of workplace ethics in supply chain management among supply chain co mpanies of Bahrain. Within this Guide, "Suppliers" and related terms to provision goods and services are inclusive of any maritime industry equivalent terminology. The supply chain ethics problem in a nutshell: Being an ethical company isn't enough anymore. Supply Chain Ethics. 'Supply chain management' wasn't coined until the 1980s, so the field is still young compared to related areas such as procurement, logistics, and . Each one of these sections is associated with specific reporting and record-keeping requirements. Keywords: Supply Chain Management; Ethics; Fairness OBJECTIVE 1) To study the current situation of supply chain so that it could be compared with past scenario. On the other hand, there is much hype over automation that does not square with the realities. 7 shows how ethics influence on supply chain management. The author acknowledges the fact that Supply chain management. Ethics in Supply Chain Management Ryan Hughes Andy Frederick Definition of Ethics The rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or members of a profession. Why Business Leaders Must Make Supply Chain Ethics a Priority 1 Why Business Leaders Must Make Supply Chain Ethics a Priority WHITE PAPER 2 2 Ethics in supply chain can cover a number of categories. Supply chain sustainability refers to companies' efforts to consider the environmental and human impact of their products' journey through the supply chain, from raw materials sourcing to production, storage, delivery and every transportation link in between. Given that, supply management professionals have the oppor - tunity and obligation to model and communicate ethical behavior across the entire supply chain. Supply Chain Canada has committed to ensuring that its Code of Ethics is reviewed at a minimum of every five years. This document is intended to offer a compass for supply management ethics. The ultimate goal of a supply chain and operations management is to maximize overall supply chain surplus. Supply Chain Management - SCM: Supply chain management (SCM) is the active streamlining of a business' supply-side activities to maximize customer value and gain a competitive advantage in the . This helps companies make informed decisions to select suppliers that "fit" with their existing culture and practices. Against this background, the author created a comprehensive ctitious case scenario covering a supply chain dispute arising from the breach of the supply chain leader's code of business conduct and ethics by a lower-tier supply chain member. Organizational. Ethical practices need to be managed in a continuous manner, and companies must think about how they can improve day-to-day collaboration within their supply chains to achieve this. Ethics- A code of moral standards of conducts for what is "good" and "right" as opposed to what is "bad" or "wrong". Potential Abuses in Supply Chains For investors who are concerned about ethics in supply chain management, a wide variety of issues may be material. Bridging organization theory and supply chain management: The case of best value supply chains. Ethics demand that we, as employees of the Johns Hopkins Health System Procurement and Supply Chain Departments, make or influence decisions for our Health Care System with complete fidelity to the institutions and respect the valid rights of others. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, . Several activities in a supply chain involve cross border activities. Purpose- This study aims to aid theory building, the use of decision theory (DT) concepts in sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) research is examined. The three types of ethical approaches that I believe pertain to supply chain management are virtue ethics, duty ethics, and consequential ethics. The company that had started as an online bookseller now sold merchandise and digital content in more than 30 categories, including electronics, clothing, books, furniture, and streaming music and . In addition to that the moderating role of culture is also examined. Ethical concerns in business practice have received considerable attention in recent years. The business enterprises are increasingly focusing on buying and supplying of products and services in a manner to reduce the adverse impacts on the environment, society, and economy. One of first instance of the term supply chain management appeared in the early 1980s, in an article of The Financial Times, although it wasn't until the mid-1990s that the concept gained mainstream recognition. in the marketing the common ethical issues are lack of clarity in pricing, selling at a loss to increase market share and destroy competition in order to subsequently raise prices, price fixing cartels, encouraging people to claim prizes when they phoning premium rate numbers, bait and switch selling, high pressure selling to the elderly, Having said that, it can also lead to job losses due to automated operations. Sourcing of materials and parts has become global and this increases the risk of exploitation when it comes to the fair treatment of workers and ethical concerns that involve pollution and waste. Institute for Supply Management (ISM) recognizes 10 foundational princi-ples of ethical behavior. Management: Mass Customization Concept. It can also reduce the Carbon Footprint of the logistics firms. ethics and conduct along the supply chain. To decrease the risks associated with suppliers, examine the culture, ethics and compliance practices adopted by the candidates. The biggest brand in the chain will get most of the blame. 4. On a broader note, they are characterized by the involvement of different entities/parties in the loop. ever, limited research has examined the role of ethical decision-making in supply chain manage-ment. Safety on the job. Professional Ethics in Supply Chain Management Supply Chain Management Definition: The network of retailers, distributors, transporters, storage facilities and suppliers that participate in the sale, delivery and production of a particular product. Supply Chain Activities - including, but not limited to, procurement planning, purchasing, contracting, logistics and payment. With increased scrutiny, it's important to audit every step of the journey of not only the products you make but the resources your company uses. As the largest non-profit association for supply chain, ASCM is an unbiased partner, connecting companies around the world to the newest thought leadership on all aspects of supply chain. Organizational culture has been regarded as an important determinant of ethical behaviours of managers. Purchasing and Supply Chain Management 7th Edition by Robert M. Monczka, ISBN-13: 978-0357442142 [PDF eBook eTextbook] Publisher: Cengage Learning; 7th edition (March 19, 2020) Language: English 800 pages ISBN-10: 0357442148 ISBN-13: 978-0357442142 Gain a thorough understanding of today's supply management process from a managerial perspective with the current, complete . This approach informs every aspect of our supply chain, building stronger partnerships based in ethical behaviors, transparency, agility and inclusivity. Design/methodology/approach- An abductive approach considers two DT concepts, Snowden's Cynen framework for sense-making and Consumer awareness sustainability and forced labor in the supply chain is . They are grounded in principles of inclusivity, continuous improvement, and supply chain accountability. Quite simply, the overriding principle is "do the right things.". It is also a associated with the consistent growth and development of a global economy (Perry, Wood & Fernie, 2015). Ethical Procurement: Some Scenarios to Consider. The fact that Nestle is a leader in the chocolate, dairy, and coffee industries may conflict with the company's sustainability and health priorities. & quot ; fit & quot ; do the right things. & quot ; &! 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FAQs

What is ethics in supply chain management? ›

An ethical supply chain is a practice that focuses on the need for corporate social responsibility, working to produce products and services in a way that treats its workers and the environment ethically.

Why is professional ethics important in the supply chain? ›

If they execute bad judgment in just one aspect, their reputation and financial future could be promptly shattered. With the potential damage to reputation and finances, companies must act to ensure their supply chain processes are ethical at every touch point.

Why ethics is important management and suppliers in the supply chain management? ›

To decrease the risks associated with suppliers, examine the culture, ethics and compliance practices adopted by the candidates. This helps companies make informed decisions to select suppliers that “fit” with their existing culture and practices.

What are the 7 principles of ethics? ›

The principles are beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice; truth-telling and promise-keeping.

What are the 5 elements of ethics? ›

Here are 5 qualities you should develop to prove your strong work ethic.
  • Dedication. Your strong work ethic shows in every aspect of your business and the way you behave yourself. ...
  • Professionalism. When you conduct yourself in a professional way your strong work ethic shines through. ...
  • Dependability. ...
  • Accountability. ...
  • Gratitude.

What are the importance of ethics? ›

Ethics is what guides us to tell the truth, keep our promises, or help someone in need. There is a framework of ethics underlying our lives on a daily basis, helping us make decisions that create positive impacts and steering us away from unjust outcomes.

What are the ethical issues in supply chain? ›

When talking about ethics in the supply chain, experts generally focus on:
  • Freedom of employment and association.
  • The eradication of child labour.
  • Safe and hygienic working conditions.
  • Appropriate pay and working hours.
  • Humane and non-discriminatory treatment.
  • Anti-bribery and corruption.
  • Environmental awareness.

What is the importance of ethics in management? ›

The objective of ethical management is to build cooperation, encourage team cohesion, but also recognition between employees and their superiors. It is a management approach in the broadest sense of the term, in which additional virtuous notions are integrated, such as morality, justice, virtue and respect.

What are 5 pillars of SCM? ›

The five pillars of supply chain resilience
  • Pillar 1 – Vulnerability. ...
  • Pillar 2 – Management Culture. ...
  • Pillar 3 – Procurement. ...
  • Pillar 4 – Operations. ...
  • Pillar 5 – Demand & Visibility.

What are the 5 S's in supply chain? ›

5S stands for the 5 steps of this methodology: Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, Sustain.

What are the three pillars of SCM? ›

Our three pillars (or fundamentals) of great supply chain management excellence are strategy, service, and cost.

How do you ensure ethical supply chain? ›

Six Steps to an Ethical and Sustainable Supply Chain
  1. Identify Trustworthy Suppliers. ...
  2. Secure Trading-Partner Relationships. ...
  3. Digitize Your Supply Chain. ...
  4. Monitor Shipment Provenance. ...
  5. Manage Supplier Communities. ...
  6. Gather Ethical Insights.
21 Jan 2020

How are ethics and supply management related? ›

An ethical supply chain operates in a way that delivers the highest levels of ethical and sustainable operations. This spans three key elements – economic, environment and social responsibility – and particularly focuses on: Eliminating child and slave labor. Safe and hygienic working conditions.

What role does ethics play in procurement? ›

Ethical procurement refers to a wide range of issues that can impact the ethical and sustainability goals of a business. Examples include the monitoring of unethical or illegal supplier business procedures and practices that can impact your organization's procurement efficiency and reputation.

What are the 10 codes of ethics? ›

Ethics Statement Examples for Associations
  • “Contribute to society and to human well-being, acknowledging that all people are stakeholders in computing.
  • Avoid harm.
  • Be honest and trustworthy.
  • Be fair and take action not to discriminate.
  • Honor confidentiality.
  • Perform work only in areas of competence”
17 Sept 2021

What are the 12 ethics? ›

Generally, there are about 12 ethical principles: honesty, fairness, leadership, integrity, compassion, respect, responsibility, loyalty, law-abiding, transparency, and environmental concerns.

What are the 3 concepts of ethics? ›

Ethics is categorized according to three types of inquiry or study: normative ethics, meta-ethics, and descriptive ethics. The first approach, normative ethics, is an attempt to decide or prescribe values, behaviors, and ways of being that are right or wrong, good or bad, admirable or deplorable.

What are the 4 types of ethics? ›

Four Branches of Ethics
  • Descriptive Ethics.
  • Normative Ethics.
  • Meta Ethics.
  • Applied Ethics.
25 Mar 2015

What are the 4 sources of ethics? ›

  • Five Sources of Ethical Standards. The Utilitarian Approach. ...
  • The Rights Approach. Other philosophers and ethicists suggest that the ethical action is the one that best protects and respects the moral rights of those affected. ...
  • The Fairness or Justice Approach. ...
  • The Common Good Approach. ...
  • The Virtue Approach.

What are three benefits of ethics? ›

The Benefits & Importance of Ethics in the Workplace
  • Asset Protection. A strong ethical culture within your business is important in safeguarding your assets. ...
  • Productivity and Teamwork. Workplace ethics is integral in fostering increased productivity and teamwork among your employees. ...
  • Public Image. ...
  • Decision-Making.
14 Jun 2015

How do you define ethics? ›

What are ethics? Derived from the Greek word “ethos”, which means “way of living”, ethics is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with human conduct, more specifically the behaviour of individuals in society.

What are basic ethics? ›

The expression "basic ethical principles" refers to those general judgments that serve as a justification for particular ethical prescriptions and evaluations of human actions.

What are the 5 biggest supply chain issues? ›

Shippers' Top 5 Supply Chain Challenges:
  • Keeping transportation costs down.
  • Keeping up with customer/industry demands.
  • Sourcing consistent, reliable carrier capacity.
  • Keeping up with the latest technology solutions and demands.
  • On-time pickup and delivery performance.
30 Sept 2022

What are types of ethics in management? ›

The following are some of the more common business ethics.
  • Personal responsibility. ...
  • Corporate responsibility. ...
  • Loyalty. ...
  • Respect. ...
  • Trustworthiness. ...
  • Fairness. ...
  • Community and Environmental Responsibility.

What is ethics and types of ethics? ›

ethics, Branch of philosophy that seeks to determine the correct application of moral notions such as good and bad and right and wrong or a theory of the application or nature of such notions. Ethics is traditionally subdivided into normative ethics, metaethics, and applied ethics.

What are the 5 importance for business ethics? ›

An ethical company runs on principles such as honesty, integrity, fairness, trustworthiness, accountability, and respect for others.

What are the 4 main functions of SCM? ›

The five functions of supply chain management include the following:
  • Purchasing. The first function of supply chain management is purchasing. ...
  • Operations. ...
  • Logistics. ...
  • Resource Management. ...
  • Information Workflow.
4 Feb 2021

What is SCM Six Sigma? ›

Six Sigma is a methodology that utilizes statistical tools and concepts to identify variations or defects in a process. An Accredited Six Sigma Certification in Supply Chain Management indicates an individual has achieved a particular level of knowledge in the study and application of this methodology.

What are the four 4 stages of supply chains? ›

What are the components of your supply chain you should be focusing on right now?
  • INTEGRATION. Integration starts at your strategic planning phase and is critical throughout your communications and information sharing and data analysis and storage. ...
  • OPERATIONS. ...
  • PURCHASING. ...
  • DISTRIBUTION.

What are 4 C's in SCM? ›

Our framework encompasses four main configurations – the communicative, coordinated, collaborative, and co-opetitive – and we refer to these as the 4 C's in supply chain management.

What is Kaizen 5S? ›

Kaizen is built on a 5S framework with elimination of waste and standardization at the forefront. 5S lays down a strong foundation for future Kaizen activities. 5S establishes an organization system in which everyone in the workplace participates to remove clutter and set spaces efficiently.

What is 5 sigma 6 S's? ›

The Five S's
JapaneseTranslatedEnglish
Seitonorderlinessset in order
Seisocleanlinessshine
Seiketsustandardizestandardize
Shitsukedisciplinesustain
1 more row

What are the 3 C's of logistics? ›

We call them the 3 C's: Coaching, Compensation and Culture. Training in the logistics industry is very important.

What are the two types of SCM system? ›

Types. There are two main types of SCM software applications: planning and execution. The planning software applications use advanced algorithms to determine the best way to fulfill a product order.

What are the five 5 steps in establishing an ethical framework? ›

A Framework for Ethical Decision Making
  1. Identify the Ethical Issues.
  2. Get the Facts.
  3. Evaluate Alternative Actions.
  4. Choose an Option for Action and Test It.
  5. Implement Your Decision and Reflect on the Outcome.
5 Nov 2021

How important are ethics in the supplier customer relationships? ›

Ethics in customer dealings presents your company in a good light and customers will trust your company irrespective of high prices or minor service lapses. Ethics in customer dealings improves the quality of service and fosters positive relationships.

What are the 7 principles of procurement? ›

7. Principles of Procurement
  • Accountability. ...
  • Competitive Supply. ...
  • Consistency. ...
  • Effectiveness. ...
  • Value for Money. ...
  • Fair-dealing. ...
  • Integration. ...
  • Integrity.

What is the meaning of ethics in procurement? ›

Ethical procurement refers to a wide range of issues that can impact the ethical and sustainability goals of a business. Examples include the monitoring of unethical or illegal supplier business procedures and practices that can impact your organization's procurement efficiency and reputation.

What is utility and ethics? ›

In ethics, utility is a principle where the right action is one that promotes happiness and peace. In contrast, the wrong action is one that results in unhappiness and pain. Utilitarians are interested in making decisions that will produce the greatest amount of happiness for the largest amount of people.

How can supply chains be more ethical? ›

  1. Ethical Sourcing Requires Supplier Visibility. ...
  2. Engage With Problematic Suppliers. ...
  3. Consolidate to Reduce Risk and Better Manage Spend. ...
  4. Embrace Transparent Technologies. ...
  5. Sell Your Supply Chain.
31 Aug 2022

What is the importance of ethics in procurement? ›

Ethical procurement policies provide clear guidance for sourcing supplies and establishing internal and external relationships essential for daily operations and long-term growth. Today, more companies realise that providing a high-quality product or service is not enough to gain a market advantage.

What are the principles of ethics? ›

The Fundamental Principles of Ethics. Beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice constitute the 4 principles of ethics. The first 2 can be traced back to the time of Hippocrates “to help and do no harm,” while the latter 2 evolved later.

What are the 3 types of ethics? ›

Ethics is traditionally subdivided into normative ethics, metaethics, and applied ethics.

What is the best ethical theory? ›

Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce.

What are ethical rights? ›

First, ethics refers to well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues.

Which ethical code is example of? ›

The classic example is the Golden Rule: "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Other examples of societal ethical behavior include: Respect - Citizens must respect another's property, choices and lives. Loyalty - People put their family and friends' needs before their own.

Videos

1. LESSON 1 INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF PROCUREMENT
(Dr Chege JKUAT)
2. True Value - towards ethical public service commissioning
(Localis)
3. First 21st Century iText on Operations and Supply Chain Management - Part B
(boyerOSU)
4. NOTES and KNEC and KASNEB past papers for colleges
(Codestar Technologies)
5. Chapter 7: The Corporate Social Responsibility and Marketing Ethics
(Francisco Sepino)
6. SUPPLY CHAIN FAST FOOD | MCDONALDS EXAMPLE
(Supply Chain Geek)

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