Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (2023)

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LCD screen repair, bad LCD panel analysis, and solution

Working principle diagram of the LCD module

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (1)

Definition

Vin: PWB input voltage (12V)
VDD: ASIC, source IC, gate IC driving power (3.3v)
VGH: TFT component switching voltage (~30V)
VGL: TFT component turn-off voltage (~ -6v)
VAA: step control voltage (~17V)
VCOM: liquid crystal reversal reference voltage (~7V)

No picture after Vin, VDD and VAA malfunction

Abnormal screen or slow screen switching after VGH and VGL failure

After the failure of Vcom, the picture will be weak or flickering

LCD fault(Liquid crystal fault)

1. Picture color loss

Phenomenon: the picture is lack of color, or there are R/G/B color stripes under the step picture

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (2)

Possible Causes Repair proposal

Note

Bad LVDS conn. Replace LVDS connector
Missing/burned RX resistor Replace RX resistor

ASIC NG

Replace ASIC

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (3)

Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether LVDS matching resistance is intact in appearance.

2. #Confirm whether the LVDS connector is OK or not. If the picture changed after pressing LVDS cable lightly, then something wrong with LVDS conn.

3. #If all the above is OK, measure the LVDS voltage value. Under normal conditions, the LVDS signal’s RX+/ RX-voltage value is about 1.2v, and RX+/ RX-difference value is about 200mV. At the same time, the resistance of the LVDS signal to ground and the resistance between the LVDS signal pairs can be measured (100 ohms). If there is an exception to these values, try replacing the ASIC.

2. Striped screen

Phenomenon: full-screen vertical stripes (not gradient stripes) appear on the LCD display. In most cases, the display cannot be switched.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (4)

Possible Causes How to Repair

Note

ASIC NG

Replace ASIC

No EIO signal

COF

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

COF VAA short to GND

COF damaged(S/G)

Check COF appearance first

COF comes loose

PWM-IC NG

Replace PWM-IC

VAA short to GND
Other components NG

Components associated with VAA have less chance of NG


Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether the COF on side X is hot compared with the normal temperature, whether there is fracture or wear crack, and whether the COF is burnt.

2. #Confirm whether the VAA is normal (normally about 17V). If abnormal, disconnect the RP32 to confirm whether it is caused by DC/DC loop or X-side COF: disconnect RP32, if the VAA is normal, the COF is bad, CO must be changed; COF can be Disconnect one by one to determine which NG disconnects RP32, VAA NG, try to change UP1; at the same time, confirm whether the continuity of the surrounding triode is OK.

3. #Confirm whether EIO is OK (normal is 0.03v) and try to change ASIC if there is any abnormality.

4. #Determine whether the gate IC is OK. There is a signal test point on the back of COG-IC, and the green paint can be scraped for measurement confirmation; If there is a gate IC problem, which IC fault can be confirmed. The confirmation of gate IC fault is only for analysis when you are interested, and this method is not recommended.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (5)

3. Bad tone picture

Phenomenon: gradient fault occurs in the tone gradient screen or some gradient NG happens

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (6)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note

Gamma-IC NG

Replace Gamma-IC

PWB line scratch

(gamma line)

Insulation tape on the scratch If the line is broken, the PWB must be replaced.(LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

COF-IC NG

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

Gamma-IC NG


Analysis and solution:

1. #Measure GM1~GM14, the values are arranged from large to small. In general, a certain gamma value will be abnormal in the case of NG, then try to replace gamma-IC;

2. #See if there is any damage to the gamma line on the back of the PWB;

3. #If all of the above are OK, you should try to change the COF. You can disconnect the COF one by one to determine which IC is NG.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (7)

4. Half of the picture is abnormal

Phenomenon: The left and right screens are different

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Skew conductive foam shorts RSDS Reattach or remove the conductive foam

ASIC NG

Replace ASIC

RSDS abnormal

RSDS matching resistance NG Replace RSDS resistor
S-COF-IC poor bonding on the PWB side COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

S-COF-IC NG

COF driver RSDS NG


Analysis and solution:

Because the RSDS transmission basically adopts the double-channel mode, the analysis only needs to be carried out on the RSDS loop.

1. #Confirm whether the conductive foam is short-circuited RSDS

2. #Confirm whether X-COF has poor bonding

3. #Confirm whether the RSDS value is correct, normal RSDS is about 1.2v, and the signal difference is about 200mV; At the same time, we can confirm the resistance between RSDS signal (normal 100 or 50 ohms) and RSDS resistance to ground. If the voltage is NG, check if the ASIC and X-COF are hot.

Note: Confirm S1 RSDS if the left half screen is abnormal; confirm S8 RSDS if the right half screen is abnormal.

4. #In general, ASIC is mostly invalid, please try to replace it first;

5. #If it is still NG, remove the COF from the middle or last COF, and the RSDS voltage returns to normal.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (8)

5. The panel color is whitish

Phenomenon: The screen can be switched normally, but the full-screen color is whitened/inaccurate.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (9)

(Video) VISLCD-43M15 4.3 inch touch LCD(Before FPCA improvement)
Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Vcom value deviates Vcom value is not adjusted Reset VR knob
VR knob is broken Replace VR knob

VGH/VGL NG

PWM-IC NG

Replace PWM-IC

Gate-IC NG

Gate-IC replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)

Polarizer / CELL damaged

To change the polarizer, a polarizer attaching machine is required

The degree of whitening of the picture changes with different viewing angles

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (10)


Analysis and solution:

1. #Adjust the VR knob to see whether it can be adjusted and whether the screen performance changes. At the same time, confirm the VCOM value (about 7v), if NG, replace the VR knob.

2. #Confirm VGH/VGL voltage (about 30V VGH and -6v VGL), and confirm whether it is DC/DC loop NG or COF IC NG; The corresponding resistance of disconnected VGH and VGL can determine whether it is a DC/DC problem or a COF-IC problem. If it is DC/DC NG, try to replace UP1 or confirm whether the corresponding transistor is OK.

3. #If the whiteness changes significantly with the view Angle, and above 1&2 analysis is all OK, polarizer NG or CELL NG can be basically determined.

6. Slow screen switching

Phenomenon: the color of the LCD screen is dark. The picture can be switched, but the screen conversion is slow.
Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (11)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
WOA line is broken

Replace PCB

PCB scrapped

Gate-IC NG

Replace Gate-IC

X1 Poor Looseness

Replace X1


Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether X1 is OK.

2. #Confirm whether WOA is disconnected when the CELL source goes to the gate side.

3. #Confirm whether the gate IC is OK. There is a signal test point on the back of COG IC, which can scrape the green paint for measurement confirmation; Or cut COF halfway from G3. If there is a gate-ic problem, which IC fault can be confirmed.

The confirmation of gate IC fault is only for analysis when interested, this method is not recommended.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (12)

7. No display

Phenomenon: backlight is bright when the LCD panel is black

Possible Causes How to Repair Note

LVDS connector NG

Wrong pin

Replace conn.

Poor connection

F1 fuse open

Replace FP1

Conductive foam short circuit element Reattach or remove the conductive foam Suitable for LCD module models with conductive foam
FFC Goldfinger short circuit

Replace FFC

Suitable for LCD models with L/R boards

ASIC NG

3.3V short to ground

Replace ASIC

No control signal

DC/DC NG

(无VAA)

PWM-IC NG

Replace PWM-IC

X-COF NG

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)
QP1 burned Replace QP1

G-COF NG

COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)
Other components NG Replace other components

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (13)


Analysis and solution:

1. #Confirm whether the conductive foam is skewed and short-circuit VAA capacitor ( LCD model with conductive foam)

2. #Confirm whether there is 12V input, if not, confirm whether the connector is OK, and confirm the resistance value of 12V voltage to earth; If conn. NG, change conn.; If 12V is short-circuited to the ground, disconnect FP1 to determine the short-circuiting circuit.

3. #Confirm whether FP1 is open; if open, replaces fuse. If the 12V accessory of this model has a reverse diode, confirm the continuity of the diode and check whether it is burnt.

4. #Confirm whether VAA is OK. For model with L/R board, remove FFC and confirm whether the screen can be switched or whether VAA is normal.

If VAA becomes normal:

A. Confirm whether the FFC has a pin short circuit and whether the FFC connector has a pin short circuit.

B. Confirm VAA resistance to ground at VAA test point of R plate (A short circuit usually occurs), disconnect the corresponding capacitance of the following 3 COF, and confirm VAA resistance to the ground again. If OK, replace the capacitor, if NG, replace COF. If VAA is still NG, confirm DC/DC loop as all models.

5. #Confirm whether the conductivity of the diode and triode in the DC/DC loop is OK, and change the corresponding components if NG.

6. #Disconnect RP32 to confirm VAA, if NG, try to change the PWM IC (in general, it will be good), if still NG, try to change the gamma-ic or corresponding to the VAA several large capacitances (in general, it is rare, this situation is generally accompanied by VAA to the ground short circuit).

7. #Disconnect RP32. If VAA is normal, measure the resistance to the ground at the other end of RP32. If still NG, you can change COF only.

8. #If VAA is normal at the beginning, there may be some problems with the control model (EIO can be measured). Try to change ASIC.

8. Display with vertical strips and lines

Phenomenon: vertical strips and lines appears in full screen

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (14)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
COF poor bonding (PWB side) COF replacement (LCD bonding&pressing equipment required)
Poor COF


Analysis and solution:

1. #Press COF and see if the display changes to determine if COF is OK.

2. #Confirm whether COF is hot or damaged. If COF needs to be replaced, LCD bonding&pressing equipment is required.

3. #Shaking module, if vertical lines disappear or reappear, then it can be judged that the possible cause is COF pin broken, and the crease should be found under the OM microscope.

4. #Press the LCD glass side of the panel, if the vertical lines disappear or reappear, it can be judged that the cause of poor contact, OM checking should be able to find the poor contact.

5. #If there is no display change in pressing, confirm whether ITO is damaged under the OM microscope, or pin signal waveform corresponding to needle COF.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (15)

Backlight failure

1. The screen does not light up

Phenomenon: the backlight is not lit, or it flashes off

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Lamp line is broken Replace the lamp tubing Depending on the backlight structure, there will be different results. The failure of the performance may be a point-off, or it may be a backlight with a dark band.
Broken high and low voltage plugs

Replace plugs

Lamp holder Replace lamp/lamp holder
Poor engagement of lamp holder Replace lamp/lamp holder
Lamp is broken Replace the lamp
Lamp welding failure Resolder


Analysis and solution:

1. #Change the power board and inverter to determine if something wrong with the LCD panel itself.

2. #Check whether the light pipe and plug are OK, especially if the plug is burnt or yellow.

3. #Remove the backlight and confirm the status of the lamp holder and tube.

4. #The above disassembly judgment can basically solve the problems of point-off in the market. If you can’t tell the truth, you can directly change the lamp tube.

2. The dark band of the backlight

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (16)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
Lamp line is broken Reconnect / replace lamp tubing Depending on the protection status of the power board, it may be a backlight with a dark band or it may be a point-off.
Plug disconnected / burned Replace plugs
Lamp is broken Replace the lamp
Lamp welding failure Replace the lamp

3. Bad backlight / dark area

Phenomenon: The backlight is not lit or flashes off; or after the backlight is lit, the display appears dark along the edge of the front shell.

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (17)

Possible Causes How to Repair Note
The light bar is short-circuited to ground Insulate or change the light bar
Lightbar plug pin off Change the light bar
The light bar cable plug is not fully inserted into the conn. Reinsert the light bar
Lightbar conn. Pin is skewed Change conn. Or re-insert the pin
Light strip conn. Off Reweld Conn. If the PCB copper foil comes off, the light bar needs to be replaced
Bad light bar Replace the light bar

Analysis and solution:

1. #Change the power board first to determine whether the LCD panel itself is defective.

2. #look at the appearance of the light bar to determine whether there is a problem with the light bar.

3. #Disassemble the backlight, confirm whether there is a short circuit with broken skin on the lamp strip, whether the plug of the lamp strip is fully integrated with the socket, whether the pin is aslant/off, whether the connector is off, and whether the LED bead is black and injured.

(Video) Projector Screen Display Line Problem Repair At Projector In Service

4. #The fault of the product is basically caused by the above reasons. If the appearance is fault-free, the lamp bar can be crossed to confirm whether the phenomenon follows the lamp bar, or the voltage of the lamp bar and the conduction condition between the lamp beads can be measured.

The above is the full text of LCD screen failure repair guide, we hope it is helpful to you. If you need to buy LCD and find a reliable LCD supplier, we suggest you to read our other great blog – How to find a reliable LCD supplier.

If you have questions about LCD repair, please leave us a message in the comments section and we will respond as soon as possible.

Founded in 2014, VISLCD is a professional LCD supplier. We provide LCD modules, touch LCD and customized LCD in various sizes with stable quality and competitive price. Welcome to contact us for any LCD demand, thank you.

VISLCD2022-09-02T10:41:12+08:00February 27, 2020|Technology|9 Comments

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Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (22)

Jacobin

3 months ago

Magnifique ce article

Reply

Author

VISLCD

3 months ago

Reply to Jacobin

Thanks!

Reply

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (24)

5 months ago

Thanks vеry interesting blog!

Reply

Author

VISLCD

1 month ago

(Video) Woow 😱😱😱 Lcd nya ngeBlank Putih || Santuy Lur Jangan Panik.. Seloww..

Reply to Rhett

1. Check whether the power supply has DC voltage output.
2. Check whether there is a DC voltage output corresponding to the LCD glass at the screen line end of the LCD driver board
3. check whether the logic board or screen integrated board fuse has voltage.
4. check whether the screen 5 voltage is normal.

Reply

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (27)

Oyvind

2 years ago

Can you repair electronic fault on LCD PCB for LG model LP156WF3-(SL)(B3) ?

Reply

Author

VISLCD

1 month ago

Reply to Oyvind

yes

Reply

Full repair guide of LCD screen failure—VISLCD (29)

edurado delrey

2 years ago

this article is a big help to understand how lcd panel works and fails,thank you.

Reply

Author

VISLCD

2 years ago

Reply to edurado delrey

You are welcome. We are glad it can help you:-)

Reply

FAQs

Can damaged LCD screen be repaired? ›

In a word – no.

How do you troubleshoot an LCD screen? ›

How to Troubleshoot Display or Video Issues on a Monitor
  1. Verify display or video issue on a known-good monitor. ...
  2. Check for physical damages. ...
  3. Verify display or video issue in Windows Safe Mode. ...
  4. Update the video card (GPU) driver, monitor driver, chipset driver & BIOS. ...
  5. Download and install Microsoft Windows updates.
20 Dec 2018

What causes the LCD to malfunction? ›

Simply check your signal input sources which are the most causes. It can also be caused by the display totally damaged by ESD or excess heat, shock which make the LCD controller broken or the connection failure which has to be repaired by professionals.

Why is my LCD not displaying anything? ›

If your LCD displays no image at all and you are certain that it is receiving power and video signal, first adjust the brightness and contrast settings to higher values. If that doesn't work, turn off the system and LCD, disconnect the LCD signal cable from the computer, and turn on the LCD by itself.

How much does an LCD screen cost? ›

The cost of a replacement screen is almost as high, or higher than the cost of a new TV. The cost of a new flat-screen television with a 32-inch screen or smaller starts at around $100. Replacing a cracked screen on higher-end or larger models costs between $300 and $1,000 or more.

Why do LCD screens turn black? ›

Some TV displays, such as LCD screens, use a backlight to illuminate the picture. If the backlight burns out or stops working, the picture will appear black. To see if your TV's backlight is causing the problem, make sure your TV is on, and turn off the lights in the room.

How do you fix a computer that is on but the screen is black? ›

Black Screen at Boot on Windows? Here's How to Fix It
  1. Check If Windows Is Responsive. ...
  2. Check Your Monitor and Cables. ...
  3. Unplug Your External Devices. ...
  4. Adjust Projection Settings. ...
  5. Reinstall Display Drivers. ...
  6. Clean Inside Your Computer Case. ...
  7. Assess Your Internal Hardware.

How do I reset my screen? ›

Method 1: Change the Screen resolution:
  1. a) Press Windows + R keys on the keyboard.
  2. b) In the “Run” Window, type control and then click “Ok”.
  3. c) In the “Control Panel” Window, select “Personalization”.
  4. d) Click “Display” option, click “Adjust Resolution”.
  5. e) Check the minimal resolution and scroll down the slider.

Why does my screen keep flickering? ›

Flickering is usually caused by a software issue which can be caused by glitches in apps or software bugs. To best protect your device, make sure to update the software so that it is running the latest operating system and has the latest security updates installed.

Will a broken LCD screen get worse? ›

Cracks spread

After cracking your phone screen, you're probably wondering, "Will a cracked screen get worse?" Unfortunately, we have bad news for you: Yes, it will worsen.

How do I know if my LCD is damaged? ›

A pixelated screen can indicate LCD damage. This would look like a patch of multicolored dots, a line or lines of discoloration, or a screen with rainbow colors. For many people, these colors are an easy way to know that their LCD is broken and that they should get it repaired.

How do I know if my digitizer is broken? ›

Sometimes, you may be able to see the screen, but when you touch it to do something, it won't react to your touch. This is usually because the digitizer is damaged. Many times, this happens even when you can't see a crack on your device.

What is LCD1602? ›

LCD1602, or 1602 character-type liquid crystal display, is a kind of dot matrix module to show letters, numbers, and characters and so on. It's composed of 5x7 or 5x11 dot matrix positions; each position can display one character.

How do I fix a CRT monitor problem? ›

No picture (screen is blank)
  1. Check that the input switch setting is correct.
  2. Check that the video input connector's pins are not bent or pushed in.
  3. Check to see if the computer is in power saving mode. ...
  4. Check that the computer's power is "on." ...
  5. Check that the graphic board is completely seated in the proper bus slot.
29 Jan 2019

Is LCD same as LED? ›

Liquid crystal display explained

The difference is in the backlights. While a standard LCD monitor uses fluorescent backlights, an LED monitor uses light-emitting diodes for backlights. LED monitors usually have superior picture quality, but they come in varying backlight configurations.

Which is best LCD or OLED? ›

OLED is much better than LED LCD at handling darkness and lighting precision, and offers much wider viewing angles, which is great for when large groups of people are watching TV. Refresh rates and motion processing are also better with OLED though there is the spectre of image retention.

Whats the difference between LCD and OLED? ›

On an LCD, the pixels are illuminated by a backlight. On an OLED, there is no backlight; each pixel gets its own illumination. These different technological approaches to display technology have big impact in some features including contrast, brightness, viewing angles, lifespan, black levels, image burn-in, and price.

Why does my TV have sound but the screen is black? ›

Backlight issues: LCD screens use a backlight to light up images displayed on the screen. If the backlight experiences any technical issues, it won't light the display, and the screen will be black, but the user will still hear sound in the background. To fix this problem, TV owners need to repair their backlights.

Does heat damage LCD screens? ›

Most televisions today can safely withstand temperatures up to approximately 51°C (125°F). While LCD screens are generally considered to be more durable than OLED or other newer technologies, if an LCD screen overheats, the liquid crystals inside the panel can deteriorate.

What is LCD bleeding? ›

As designed an LCD display is supposed to block out excess backlight that is not needed when displaying an image or video. When light leaks around the edges of the display, you have backlight bleeding, which affects the image and video clarity. There are two types of backlight bleeding: flash lighting and clouding.

How much does it cost to fix LCD screen on phone? ›

The cost of phone screen repair ranges from $50 to $600, with an average price of $200. Repairing your phone screen directly through the manufacturer, like Apple or Samsung, may cost more than a third party.

How do you know if your LCD is damaged? ›

These are the telltale signs of a broken LCD screen:
  1. A black screen.
  2. Black spots or blurred areas on your screen.
  3. New out-of-place lines or scratches on your screen.
  4. Lack of touch sensitivity.
21 Jan 2020

Can you fix an iPhone with LCD damage? ›

Whether you're dealing with cracked glass or a broken LCD screen, you can find a quick, reliable repair service at FastPhoneRepair.com. Our qualified technicians will get your iPhone repaired and up and running again in record time and at reasonable rates.

How do you fix an LCD bleed? ›

Dismantle the display and apply electrical tape around the edges of the LCD. If exposed, mildly loosen the screws at the rear of the display (this can reduce flashlighting) Using a microfiber cloth softly rub the area where the backlight bleeding is prominent (this can reduce backlight clouding)

How long does it take to replace LCD screen? ›

Approximately two hours. The entire mobile screen only needs to be replaced if the damage on the touch screen has affected the inner mobile screen.

How much does it cost to fix a phone screen UK? ›

In the UK, the average cost of repairing a phone, whether Android or iOS, can range from £15 to £265. This is determined by the type of repair required to repair the phone, the certified required parts, and the labour costs.

How much is Samsung screen repair? ›

Samsung cracked phone screen repair costs compared
Samsung Screen Repair OptionEstimated Price Range
DIY Repair$92 – $240
Professional Repair Service$199 – $329
Phone Insurance Claim$29 – $149

Can LCD damage get worse? ›

It can cause your display to malfunction

Between the pressure on the display and the exposure to elements such as dust, moisture, or even the oils from your fingers, a cracked phone screen can quickly go from bad to worse.

What does a damaged LCD screen look like? ›

A pixelated screen can indicate LCD damage. This would look like a patch of multicolored dots, a line or lines of discoloration, or a screen with rainbow colors. For many people, these colors are an easy way to know that their LCD is broken and that they should get it repaired.

What is the difference between LCD and screen? ›

So: Touchscreen (AKA digitizer) is the thin transparent layer of plastic, which reads the signal from the touch and transports it to the processing unit. It is the part that you can touch without disassembling the device. LCD screen is the panel that is inside the device, which displays the image.

How much does it cost to replace iPhone LCD screen? ›

The average costs for iPhone screen repair, glass repair, and LCD replacement average between $80 and $130 when you take it to a 3rd party repair shop.

How much does it cost to fix an LCD screen on iPhone? ›

Apple charges set fees for replacing a broken iPhone screen. Prices start at just $29 if it's under AppleCare coverage. Out of warranty, replacing the glass screen costs $129-$329.

How do I know if my digitizer is broken or LCD? ›

Sometimes, you may be able to see the screen, but when you touch it to do something, it won't react to your touch. This is usually because the digitizer is damaged. Many times, this happens even when you can't see a crack on your device.

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